Papers should be arranged in the following order of presentation.

1st Page

Title, subtitle (if any), author's name, affiliation, and e-mail. Respective affiliation's addresses and e-mails of co-authors should be clearly indicated. You might wish to afford approximately 50 words of biographical information on authors.

The main title of the paper should be kept relatively short, approximately 50 characters including spaces, however inclusion of a subtitle might aid in clarification.

2st Page

A self-contained abstract of up to 250 words summarising the paper and its conclusions; and between 7 and 10 keywords, which will reflect the core themes of the paper (anticipating possible search terms that might be used by a potential reader). These will be used to facilitate electronic searches based on content.

Subsequent pages

Our contributors are encouraged to write as succinctly as possible, but not at the expense of clarity. Explanatory or descriptive passages should not break the flow of the main text, rather be expressed as endnotes or as appendices.

Formatting and styling of the document should be kept to a minimum in order to expedite the publication process. Pages should be A4 size with no header or footer information.

Headings (Introduction, Section 1, Section 2... References) should be formatted as Arial size 14pt bold italic (or Microsoft Word style Heading 2)

Sub-headings should be formatted as Arial size 12pt bold. (or Microsoft Word style Heading 3)

Main body of text should be formatted as Arial size11pt justified. (or Microsoft Word style Normal)

All tables, graphs, diagrams and other drawings should be clearly referred to and numbered consecutively and all figures must have captions. In all figures taken or adapted from other sources, a brief note to that effect is obligatory, below the caption. Text within large tables and images may be reduced in size in order to fit the page.

Lists may be formatted as bullet points (unordered lists) or numbered 1, 2, 3... (ordered lists)

Short quotations within the body of text should be presented: "between quotation marks and italicised" (followed by author–date in parentheses).

Full paragraph quotations should be presented:

"between quotation marks, italicized and indented" (followed by author–date in parentheses).


All bibliographic references must be complete, comprising: authors and initials, full title and subtitle, place of publication, publisher, date, and page references. References to journal articles must include the volume and number of the journal and page extent. Kindly follow 'APA' style for referencing. References should be complete in all respect and arranged alphabetically. References must be listed, alphabetically by author surname, at the end of the article. When citing in the main text, please use the 'author–date' method in parentheses, e.g. '(Rynes et al. 1980: 107)'.


To be numbered consecutively and placed after the list of bibliographic references. They should be indicated in the text by use of parentheses.


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